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MR. GRAPHEL MUSAMBA  2023  Zambia Police Service, is charged with the responsibility of maintaining peace, law and order in all our communities      country-wide. In order to effectively and efficiently execute its mandate ....Read More

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The first Paramilitary intake was recruited on 04th May 1967. The recruits, who graduated on 7th December, 1967 were immediately grouped to form the first Paramilitary Company which latergrew to become the 1st Zambia Police Paramilitary Battalion with its first battalion Commander Senior Superintendant Mr. P. Cahalane. The initial Paramilitary recruits were carefully selected from recruits from Mobile Unit, Regular Police and Home Guard applicants. The recruits were made to undergo anintensive specializedParamilitary training course which was conducted by someBritish International Security Instructors operating under WatchguardInternational Ltd.

The specialized training which took place at Bwana MkubwaDepot in Ndola, came as a result of a security gap which was indentified by the newly Independent UNIP led Government. The Paramilitary Company became specialized in border security management, Striking force, Presidential security detail(because the British government aimed at facilitating training“bodyguards for rulers they wanted to see survive” and was capable of training its own personnel. The deployment of the Paramilitary to Presidential duties came as a result of security transformation which was being undertaken by the new Government as they desired that the security be transformed to meet the interest of it’s people rather then the previous one which was protecting the interest of the colonial authority.


In early 1970s, Paramilitary Company relocated its Headquarter base toLilayi, 18km south of Lusaka. This was due to its centrality in combating border securitythreats whichwere coming from Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Apartheid South Africa, Namibia, Angola, Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo) and Mozambique. The role of Paramilitary on the borders would be that of offering a front line defense.

As many countries became politically stable due to independence and successful political dialogue, Paramilitary officers began tactically withdrawing from borders to secure bridges and tocounter internal insurgency and possible rebellions.


In 1974, Paramilitary recruited the first twenty female officers who were co-opted in the male dominant Companies and were immediately deployed to combat operations during the Adamson Mushala rebellion of the 1970s. The loyalty of Paramilitary could be evident in their role in aborting two attempted military coups of17th October 1980 and 8th June 1990.


After 1991, Paramilitary became threatened with disbandment however, after the Zambia Police Reforms of 1995, it was re-engaged in the formation of community police post in areas which were deemed hostile as the regular police was in dire need of manpower due to a robust police community engagements.

Since the introduction of the Zambia Police Reforms in 1995, Paramilitary Battalion assumed a muilt-tasked role in order to enhance and sustain plural democracy. These activities included among others;

  1. Protection of vital installations,
  2. Provide a striking force in disturbed areas
  3. Conduct training as may be directed by the Inspector General Police
  4. Operations
  5. Human Resource Development (Training )
  6. Human Resource Management ( Staff Office)


The Paramilitary Battalion which has transformed itself into a Unit is commanded by the Deputy Commissioner of Police and comprises of three major departments namely;

Operations which is headed by the Chief of Operationscomprises of four fighting Companies with two standby companies each headed by a Company Commander and divided in platoons.

Human Resource Development which is headed by the Chief Training Officer, comprises of Paramilitary Sports disciplines and GeoffreyMukuma Paramilitary Training School(named after first black Training Officer) has the following departments; Drills and Military, Police Sciences, Law and Police Duties, Crime intelligence and Investigations, First Aid, Library; the Subjects offered are as follows;

  • Military Field Crafts
  • Military Tactics
  • Counter-Terrorism
  • Critical Incident Command
  • Active Shooter Threats Response
  • Laws and Police Duties
  • Sociology of Crime
  • Psychology of Crime
  • Communication Skills
  • Crime Intelligence
  • Crime Investigation
  • Gender related courses
  • Child Protection
  • Musketry
  • Self defense (Combat without Arms)
  • First Aid
  • Mountain Expeditions
  • Police Leadership and Administration
  • Specialists in designing tailor-made course.

The only Zambia Police Training school located at about 40km south of Lusakais partly encircled by a large body waters on one half and naturally surrounded by mountains on the other half is as old as the Paramilitary Battalion. The School has conducted trainingsfor Zambia Wildlife Authority (Z.A.W.A) Rangers now Department of National Parks and Wildlife, Zambia Electricity Supply Cooperation (Z.E.S.C.O) Police, National Assembly Police, Mine Security, Zambia Correction Service officers, Drug Enforcement Agents (D.E.C) and many other government-quasi security agencies. All Instructional Staff are locally and internationally trained in various disciplines and the school employs both pedagogical and andragogical teaching methods.

Human Resource Managementwhich is headed by the Senior Human Resources Officer comprising of a variety of operational auxiliary sections.

Dr. Kenneth Kaunda(1967),1st Paramilitary Pass-out Parade Bwana Mkubwa, Extract from “State of the Nation”

Maloba W.O, (1963), the Anatomy of Neo-Colonialism in Kenya British Imperialism and Kenyatta, Springer Pp55

Mwepya F, & Mr.Mutale P.J, Personal Interview on Zambia Paramilitary, June 15th June 2018

Zambia Police Force (1975), Force order 43/75 part II. Zambia Police Force

Researched and Prepared by Mr. Mhango Jimmy (Human Resource Development)


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